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Sentence Syntax and Text Syntax

A basic course in the program: Studies toward a Specialization Certificate in the Didactics of Teaching Hebrew as a Foreign Language

Description:

The course will focus on topics dealt by the modern syntax: the structure of the sentence and the text, semantic and pragmatic attributes of the sentence and the text. The essential role of syntax in decoding and encoding sentences will be emphasized. We will show that besides the obligated syntactical rules there are rules of probability that are well known to the speakers of the language, and have an important role in decoding the text.
The course will be taught in Hebrew.


Course Objectives:
  1. To become acquainted with the syntactical tools in order to decode units of discourse on the one hand and to formulate clear units of discourse on the other
  2. To present the syntactical properties of the Hebrew language and the challenges they pose to learners of Hebrew as a Foreign Language

Study Program:
  1. Introduction
    • Language as an act of communication
    • What does syntax deal with?
    • Several syntactical properties of Hebrew as a Semitic language in comparison to other languages
      1. The nominal clause
      2. A language rich in agreement between its constituents
      3. A language whose word order is quite flexible
      4. The system of tenses
      5. Morphological changes caused by the syntactical context
      6. The challenges caused by the Hebrew orthography
    • The importance of syntax in the study of Hebrew as a Foreign Language
    • Units of discourse: word, combination, sentence and text
    • Text types: the rational text, the emotional text
    Final assignment for the unit.
  2. Sentence and text structure
    • Units of discourse: word, phrase, sentence and text
    • Types of conjunction in a sentence: predicative conjunction, subordinate conjunction, coordination conjunction
    • The phrase: the nominal phrase, the verbal phrase and so on
    • Types of complements
    • Phrases: the construct state, apposition, noun and adjective, prepositional and so on
    • Sentence structure: the verbal clause and the nominal clause; the simple sentence and the complex sentence
    • Text structure: cohesion
    Final assignment for the unit
  3. The sentence and the text on the semantic and pragmatic level
    • Semantic means of analyzing the sentence and the text
      1. Decoding references
      2. Groups of verbs and their complements
      3. Semantic meaning in the system of tenses
      4. Decoding conjunctions between sentences: explicit and implied
      5. Connectors for expressing time, cause, contrast, concession and so on
    • Pragmatic means of analyzing the sentence and the text
      1. Building whole phrases
      2. Obligatory complements and detachable complements
      3. Pragmatic meaning in the system of tenses
      4. Ways of relaying a message: indicators of the given and the new in a sentence, word order
      5. Speech acts
    Final assignment for the unit
  4. Syntactical analysis as a means of decoding a sentence
    • Ambiguity in natural language
    • Increased ambiguity in the Hebrew language as a result of the orthography
    • Rules for decoding the sentence fluently: rules of obligation and rules of probability
    • Raising expectations as a means of selecting reading possibilities
    • Formulating sentences in a predicting structure
    Final assignment for the unit.
Final assignment for the course.

Registration:
If you wish to study in the Online Academy, please complete the attached form.

Developer and Lecturer:
Dr. Orly Albeck,
The Academy of the Hebrew Language and Lifshitz College
orlyalbeck@gmail.com
Dr. Orly Albeck, Head of the Continuing Education section in the Academy of the Hebrew Language, and a lecturer in the program for Language Editing at Lifshitz College; previously taught Hebrew in Colleges and in schools abroad.
Application Form
Developer and Lecturer:
Dr. Orly Albeck,
The Academy of the Hebrew Language and Lifshitz College
orlyalbeck@gmail.com
Dr. Orly Albeck, Head of the Continuing Education section in the Academy of the Hebrew Language, and a lecturer in the program for Language Editing at Lifshitz College; previously taught Hebrew in Colleges and in schools abroad.